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Consumer Economics
Labor Law notes
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Restrictions on Older Teens (Ages 16 - 17)

requiring them to be off work no later than 11 PM. Older teens are also limited in their ability to hold jobs considered hazardous, or to operate potentially dangerous machinery. This can include not only the obvious, such as the operation of heavy construction equipment or employment in mining or manufacturing, but also machines that seem more mundane, such as delicatessen meat slicers. Most jurisdictions require that minor employees of any age be given periodic breaks, depending upon the length of their shift. Although the specific requirements will vary, it is not atypical for the law to require a break of at least fifteen minutes for any shift worked, and for a minimum half hour uninterrupted break for any shift more than four hours in length. Where shift length exceeds four hours, a second break may be mandated. There may be apprenticeship positions open to older teens, which provide for some level of exemption from the legally imposed work restrictions. Please note, though, that it is not enough to simply call a job an "apprenticeship" to escape the application of labor law.

 

Sec.

Name

570.50 

General.

570.51 

Occupations in or about plants or establishments manufacturing or storing explosives or articles containing explosive components (Order 1).

570.52 

Occupations of motor-vehicle driver and outside helper (Order 2).

570.53 

Coal-mine occupations (Order 3).

570.54 

Logging occupations and occupations in the operation of any sawmill, lath mill, shingle mill, or cooperage stock mill (Order 4).

570.55 

Occupations involved in the operation of power-driven woodworking machines (Order 5).

570.57 

Exposure to radioactive substances and to ionizing radiations (Order 6).

570.58 

Occupations involved in the operation of power-driven hoisting apparatus (Order 7).

570.59 

Occupations involved in the operations of power-driven metal forming, punching, and shearing machines (Order 8).

570.60 

Occupations in connection with mining, other than coal (Order 9).

570.61 

Occupations in the operation of power-driven meat-processing machines and occupations involving slaughtering, meat packing or processing, or

570.62 

Occupations involved in the operation of bakery machines (Order 11).

570.63 

Occupations involved in the operation of paper-products machines (Order 12).

570.64 

Occupations involved in the manufacture of brick, tile, and kindred products (Order 13).

570.65 

Occupations involved in the operations of circular saws, band saws, and guillotine shears (Order 14).

570.66 

Occupations involved in wrecking, demolition, and shipbreaking operations (Order 15).

570.67 

Occupations in roofing operations (Order 16).

570.68 

Occupations in excavation operations (Order 17).

No employee under 18 years may serve as an outside helper on a motor vehicle.  An outside helper is any individual, other than a driver, whose work includes riding on a motor vehicle outside the cab for the purpose of assisting in transporting or delivering goods.

DRIVING - Under 17-Years of Age

No employee under 17 years of age may drive a motor vehicle on public roads as part of his or her job if that employment is subject to the FLSA.

Driving - 17 Years of Age

Seventeen-year-olds may drive on public roadways as part of their employment, but ONLY if all of the following requirements are met:

                    The driving is limited to daylight hours;

                    The 17-year-old holds a state license valid for the type of driving involved in the job performed;

                    The 17-year-old has successfully completed a state approved driver education course and has no record of any moving violations at the time of hire;

                    The automobile or truck does not exceed 6,000 pounds gross vehicle weight;

                    The automobile or truck is equipped with a seat belt for the driver and any passengers and the employer has instructed the youth that the seat belts must be used when driving the vehicle; and

                    The driving is only occasional and incidental to the 17-year-old's employment.  This means that the youth may spend no more than one-third of his or her workday and no more than 20 percent of his or her work time in any workweek driving.

In addition, the driving may NOT involve:

                    Towing vehicles;

                    Any other vehicle than an automobile or truck (i.e. bus, motorcycle, ATVs, golf cart);

                    Route deliveries or route sales;

                    Transportation for hire of property; goods, or passengers;

                    Urgent, time-sensitive deliveries; Urgent, time sensitive deliveries are trips which, because of such factors as customers satisfaction, the rapid deterioration of the quality or change in temperature of the product, and/or economic incentives, are subject to time-lines, schedules, and/or turn-around times which might impel the driver to hurry in the completion of the delivery.  Prohibited trips would include, but are not limited to, the delivery of pizzas and prepared foods to the customer; the delivery of materials under a deadline (such as deposits to a bank at closing); and the shuttling of passengers to and from transportation depots to meet transport schedules.  Urgent, time-sensitive deliveries would not depend on the delivery's points of origin and termination, and would include the delivery of people and things to the employer's place of business as well as from that business to some other location.

                    Transporting more than three passengers, including employees of the employer;

                    Driving beyond a 30 mile radius from the youth’s place of employment;

                    More than two trips away from the primary place of employment in any single day to deliver the employer’s goods to a customer (other than urgent, time-sensitive deliveries which are prohibited);

                    More than two trips away from the primary place of employment in any single day to transport passengers, other than employees of the employer.

Colorado

Paid 10-minute rest period for each 4-hour work period or major fraction thereof; as practicable, in middle of each work period.

Administratively issued Wage Order for 7 industries.

Applicable to retail trade, food and beverage, public housekeeping, medical profession, beauty service, laundry and dry cleaning and janitorial service industries. Excludes certain occupations, such as teacher, nurse, and other medical professionals.

 

hour after 5 hours, except when workday will be completed in 6 hours or less. On-duty meal period counted as time worked and permitted when nature of work prevents relief from all duties.

Administratively issued Wage Order for 7 industries

Applicable to retail trade, food and beverage, public housekeeping, medical profession, beauty service, laundry and dry cleaning, and janitorial service industries. Excludes certain occupations, such as teacher, nurse, and other medical professionals.

16 and 17

8-40 per week

 

 

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