I. Presidential Powers
Executive Order :
A directive, rule, or regulation given by the executive branch that has the effect of law
(Necessary and Expedient Clause)
3 million civilian jobs are appointed by the Executive Branch. A handful
at the top are made by the President (Ambassadors, cabinet and staff, federal judges, attorneys, officers of armed forces,
agencies ie. EPA, NASA…)
The President may send
troops into harms way. It has been done over 200 times. John Adams was the first. He did so to protect merchant ships
from the French in the Atlantic and Caribbean.
During war the Prez.
Has more power ie. Rationing food and supplies, control prices and wages, seizing private industries…
War Powers Resolution: In
1973 Congress passed this to limit presidential abuse cited in the Nixon case.
Within 48 hours Prez.
Must address Congress detailing the scope
Combat commitment must
end within 60 days, may be extended 30 days for withdrawal of troops.
Congress may bring an
end to combat commitment at any time
Recognizing the legal existence of a country and its government. Ie. Panama
within three days of its creation 1903, Israel within 48 hours of its creation 1948
Veto powers: President may outright veto a bill, or pocket veto, which
is when he refuses to act on the bill within 10 days and Congress adjourns within that time.
FDR 635, overrides 9
Bush sr. 46 overrides 1
78 overrides 9 Clinton
17 overrides 2