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U.S. Government
Unit 2 Formal Amendments Notes
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Unit 2

The Constitution and The Formal Amendment Process

 

Popular Sovereignty:                 The people are the only source of governmental power

 

Limited Government:                 The government is not all powerful, it may do only those

                                                Things the people have given it the power to do

 

Constitutionalism:                      Gov’t must be conducted according to Const. principles

           

Rule of law:                              Government and its officers are never above the law

 

Separation of Powers:               Governmental power is distributed evenly among 3 branches

 

Checks and Balances:               Each branch is subject to constitutional restraints by other branches

 

Judicial Review:                        Judicial power to decide if what the government does is in accordance with the Constitution

 

Unconstitutional:                       To declare, illegal, null, and void

 

Federalism:                               Division of power among central government an several regional governments

 

Formal Amendments

 

Formal Amendment:

 

Method 1                    26 of 27 done in this manner

                                    Proposed by 2/3 vote in both houses only by Congress

                                    Adopted by or 38 State legislatures

Method 2                     1 of 27 done in this manner

                                    Proposed by 2/3 of Congress

                                    Adopted by States in State conventions

Method 3                    Proposed by national convention

                                    Adopted by State legislatures

Method 4                     Proposed by national convention

                                    Adopted by State conventions